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Orang National Park Birds' Check-list

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature, in short IUCN, has been maintaining IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1964. It is recognized as the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of all biological species. While mentioning about IUCN Red List, the official term 'threatened species' is popularly used referring to a group of three categories: Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable. 'Critically endangered' species means extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. 'Endangered' refers to mean high risk of extinction in the wild. 'Vulnerable' means high risk of endangerment in the wild. And finally, 'near-threatened' refers to mean likely to become endangered in the near future.


Total number of bird species recorded: 217

Number of globally threatened species found: 10


Detailed Check-list:

ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-Duck

(Dendrocygna bicolor)

Lesser Whistling-Duck

(Dendrocygna javanica)

Graylag Goose

(Anser anser)

Bar-headed Goose

(Anser indicus)

Ruddy Shelduck

(Tadorna ferruginea)

Cotton Pygmy-Goose

(Nettapus coromandelianus)

Gadwall

(Anas strepera)

Falcated Duck

(Anas falcata)

         Near-threatened

Eurasian Wigeon

(Anas penelope)

Mallard

(Anas platyrhynchos)

Indian Spot-billed Duck

(Anas poecilorhyncha)

Northern Shoveler

(Anas clypeata)

Northern Pintail

(Anas acuta)

Garganey

(Anas querquedula)

Green-winged Teal

(Anas crecca)

Common Pochard

(Aythya ferina)

Ferruginous Duck

(Aythya nyroca)

         Near-threatened

Baer's Pochard

(Aythya baeri)

         Critically endangered

Tufted Duck

(Aythya fuligula)


GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Swamp Francolin

(Francolinus gularis)

         Vulnerable

Black Francolin

(Francolinus francolinus)


PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe

(Tachybaptus ruficollis)


CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Asian Openbill

(Anastomus oscitans)

Black Stork

(Ciconia nigra)

Woolly-necked Stork

(Ciconia episcopus)

Black-necked Stork

(Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)

         Near-threatened

Lesser Adjutant

(Leptoptilos javanicus)

         Vulnerable

Greater Adjutant

(Leptoptilos dubius)

         Endangered


SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Indian Cormorant

(Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)

Great Cormorant

(Phalacrocorax carbo)

Little Cormorant

(Phalacrocorax niger)


SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Oriental Darter

(Anhinga melanogaster)

         Near-threatened


PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White Pelican

(Pelecanus onocrotalus)

Spot-billed Pelican

(Pelecanus philippensis)

         Near-threatened


PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Cinnamon Bittern

(Ixobrychus cinnamomeus)

Black Bittern

(Ixobrychus flavicollis)

Grey Heron

(Ardea cinerea)

Purple Heron

(Ardea purpurea)

Great Egret

(Ardea alba)

Intermediate Egret

(Mesophoyx intermedia)

Little Egret

(Egretta garzetta)

Cattle Egret

(Bubulcus ibis)

Indian Pond-Heron

(Ardeola grayii)

Striated Heron

(Butorides striata)

Black-crowned Night-Heron

(Nycticorax nycticorax)


ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

Osprey

(Pandion haliaetus)


ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Oriental Honey-buzzard

(Pernis ptilorhynchus)

Red-headed Vulture

(Sarcogyps calvus)

         Critically endangered

White-rumped Vulture

(Gyps bengalensis)

         Critically endangered

Indian Vulture

(Gyps indicus)

         Critically endangered

Crested Serpent-Eagle

(Spilornis cheela)

Booted Eagle

(Hieraaetus pennatus)

Eurasian Marsh-Harrier

(Circus aeruginosus)

Northern Harrier

(Circus cyaneus)

Pied Harrier

(Circus melanoleucos)

Shikra

(Accipiter badius)

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

(Accipiter nisus)

Black Kite

(Milvus migrans)

Brahminy Kite

(Haliastur indus)

Pallas's Fish-Eagle

(Haliaeetus leucoryphus)

         Vulnerable

Gray-headed Fish-Eagle

(Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus)

         Near-threatened


OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Bengal Florican

(Houbaropsis bengalensis)

         Critically endangered


GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water Rail

(Rallus aquaticus)

White-breasted Waterhen

(Amaurornis phoenicurus)

Water Cock

(Gallicrex cinerea)

Purple Swamphen

(Porphyrio porphyrio)

Eurasian Moorhen

(Gallinula chloropus)

Eurasian Coot

(Fulica atra)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Indian Thick-knee

(Burhinus indicus)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied Avocet

(Recurvirostra avosetta)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Northern Lapwing

(Vanellus vanellus)

River Lapwing

(Vanellus duvaucelii)

         Near-threatened

Yellow-wattled Lapwing

(Vanellus malabaricus)

Gray-headed Lapwing

(Vanellus cinereus)

Red-wattled Lapwing

(Vanellus indicus)

Kentish Plover

(Charadrius alexandrinus)

Little Ringed Plover

(Charadrius dubius)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

(Hydrophasianus chirurgus)

Bronze-winged Jacana

(Metopidius indicus)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common Sandpiper

(Actitis hypoleucos)

Common Greenshank

(Tringa nebularia)

Wood Sandpiper

(Tringa glareola)

Common Redshank

(Tringa totanus)

Solitary Snipe

(Gallinago solitaria)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Barred Buttonquail

(Turnix suscitator)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown-headed Gull

(Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus)

River Tern

(Sterna aurantia)

         Near-threatened


COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Oriental Turtle-Dove

(Streptopelia orientalis)

Eurasian Collared-Dove

(Streptopelia decaocto)

Red Collared-Dove

(Streptopelia tranquebarica)

Spotted Dove

(Streptopelia chinensis)

Laughing Dove

(Streptopelia senegalensis)

Emerald Dove

(Chalcophaps indica)

Yellow-footed Pigeon

(Treron phoenicopterus)


CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common Hawk-Cuckoo

(Hierococcyx varius)

Indian Cuckoo

(Cuculus micropterus)

Plaintive Cuckoo

(Cacomantis merulinus)

Asian Koel

(Eudynamys scolopaceus)

Blue-faced Malkoha

(Phaenicophaeus viridirostris)

Green-billed Malkoha

(Phaenicophaeus tristis)

Greater Coucal

(Centropus sinensis)


STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn Owl

(Tyto alba)


STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Eagle-Owl

(Bubo bubo)

Rock Eagle-Owl

(Bubo bengalensis)

Dusky Eagle-Owl

(Bubo coromandus)

Brown Fish-Owl

(Ketupa zeylonensis)

Asian Barred Owlet

(Glaucidium cuculoides)

Jungle Owlet

(Glaucidium radiatum)

Spotted Owlet

(Athene brama)


CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Indian Nightjar

(Caprimulgus asiaticus)


APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Little Swift

(Apus affinis)

Asian Palm-Swift

(Cypsiurus balasiensis)


CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Blyth's Kingfisher

(Alcedo hercules)

         Near-threatened

Common Kingfisher

(Alcedo atthis)

Stork-billed Kingfisher

(Pelargopsis capensis)

White-throated Kingfisher

(Halcyon smyrnensis)

Crested Kingfisher

(Megaceryle lugubris)

Pied Kingfisher

(Ceryle rudis)


CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-bearded Bee-eater

(Nyctyornis athertoni)

Green Bee-eater

(Merops orientalis)

Blue-tailed Bee-eater

(Merops philippinus)

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater

(Merops leschenaulti)


CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

Indian Roller

(Coracias benghalensis)


CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe

(Upupa epops)


PICIFORMES: Megalaimidae

Coppersmith Barbet

(Megalaima haemacephala)

Blue-eared Barbet

(Psilopogon duvaucelii)

Great Barbet

(Psilopogon virens)

Lineated Barbet

(Megalaima lineatus)

Brown-headed Barbet

(Psilopogon zeylanicus)

Blue-throated Barbet

(Megalaima asiaticus)


PICIFORMES: Picidae

Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker

(Dendrocopos macei)

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker

(Dendrocopos mahrattensis)

Black-rumped Flameback

(Dinopium benghalense)


PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Alexandrine Parakeet

(Psittacula eupatria)

         Near-threatened

Rose-ringed Parakeet

(Psittacula krameri)

Blossom-headed Parakeet

(Psittacula roseata)

         Near-threatened

Red-breasted Parakeet

(Psittacula alexandri)

         Near-threatened


PASSERIFORMES: Vangidae

Common Woodshrike

(Tephrodornis pondicerianus)


PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Ashy Woodswallow

(Artamus fuscus)


PASSERIFORMES: Aegithinidae

Common Iora

(Aegithina tiphia)


PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Small Minivet

(Pericrocotus cinnamomeus)

Orange Minivet

(Pericrocotus flammeus)

Large Cuckooshrike

(Coracina macei)


PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Brown Shrike

(Lanius cristatus)

Long-tailed Shrike

(Lanius schach)

Grey-backed Shrike

(Lanius tephronotus)


PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Black-hooded Oriole

(Oriolus xanthornus)

Maroon Oriole

(Oriolus traillii)


PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Black Drongo

(Dicrurus macrocercus)

White-bellied Drongo

(Dicrurus caerulescens)

Crow-billed Drongo

(Dicrurus annectans)

Bronzed Drongo

(Dicrurus aeneus)

Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo

(Dicrurus remifer)

Hair-crested Drongo

(Dicrurus hottentottus)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

(Dicrurus paradiseus)


PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Rufous Treepie

(Dendrocitta vagabunda)

House Crow

(Corvus splendens)

Large-billed Crow

(Corvus macrorhynchos)


PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Bengal Bushlark

(Mirafra assamica)

Oriental Skylark

(Alauda gulgula)


PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Grey-throated Martin

(Riparia chinensis)

Bank Swallow

(Riparia riparia)

Pale Sand Martin

(Riparia diluta)

Barn Swallow

(Hirundo rustica)

Red-rumped Swallow

(Cecropis daurica)


PASSERIFORMES: Stenostiridae

Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher

(Culicicapa ceylonensis)


PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented Bulbul

(Pycnonotus cafer)

Red-whiskered Bulbul

(Pycnonotus jocosus)

Himalayan Bulbul

(Pycnonotus leucogenys)

Black Bulbul

(Hypsipetes leucocephalus)


PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting Cisticola

(Cisticola juncidis)

Common Tailorbird

(Orthotomus sutorius)

Striated Prinia

(Prinia crinigera)

Rufous-fronted Prinia

(Prinia buchanani)

Grey-breasted Prinia

(Prinia hodgsonii)

Yellow-bellied Prinia

(Prinia flaviventris)

Ashy Prinia

(Prinia socialis)

Plain Prinia

(Prinia inornata)


PASSERIFORMES: Paradoxornithidae

Yellow-eyed Babbler

(Chrysomma sinense)


PASSERIFORMES: Timaliidae

Tawny-bellied Babbler

(Dumetia hyperythra)


PASSERIFORMES: Pellorneidae

Puff-throated Babbler

(Pellorneum ruficeps)

Indian Grassbird

(Graminicola bengalensis)


PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Striated Babbler

(Turdoides earlei)

Jungle Babbler

(Turdoides striata)

White-throated Laughingthrush

(Ianthocincla albogularis)


PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Oriental Magpie-Robin

(Copsychus saularis)

White-rumped Shama

(Copsychus malabaricus)

Red-breasted Flycatcher

(Ficedula parva)

Black Redstart

(Phoenicurus ochruros)

Siberian Stonechat

(Saxicola maurus)


PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common Hill Myna

(Gracula religiosa)

Bank Myna

(Acridotheres ginginianus)

Common Myna

(Acridotheres tristis)

Asian Pied Starling

(Gracupica contra)

Daurian Starling

(Sturnia sturnina)

Chestnut-tailed Starling

(Sturnia malabarica)

Brahminy Starling

(Temenuchus pagodarum)


PASSERIFORMES: Chloropseidae

Blue-winged Leafbird

(Chloropsis cochinchinensis)

Golden-fronted Leafbird

(Chloropsis aurifrons)


PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Ruby-cheeked Sunbird

(Chalcoparia singalensis)

Purple-rumped Sunbird

(Leptocoma zeylonica)

Purple Sunbird

(Cinnyris asiaticus)

Crimson Sunbird

(Aethopyga siparaja)


PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Citrine Wagtail

(Motacilla citreola)

Grey Wagtail

(Motacilla cinerea)

White Wagtail

(Motacilla alba)

White-browed Wagtail

(Motacilla madaraspatensis)

Oriental Pipit

(Anthus rufulus)


PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Red-headed Bunting

(Emberiza bruniceps)


PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House Sparrow

(Passer domesticus)

Eurasian Tree Sparrow

(Passer montanus)


PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Baya Weaver

(Ploceus philippinus)

Yellow Weaver

(Ploceus megarhynchus)

         Vulnerable

Bengal Weaver

(Ploceus benghalensis)


PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red Avadavat

(Amandava amandava)

Scaly-breasted Munia

(Lonchura punctulata)

Tricolored Munia

(Lonchura malacca)

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