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Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary Birds' Check-list

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature, in short IUCN, has been maintaining IUCN Red List of Threatened Species since 1964. It is recognized as the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of all biological species. While mentioning about IUCN Red List, the official term 'threatened species' is popularly used referring to a group of three categories: Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable. 'Critically endangered' species means extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. 'Endangered' refers to mean high risk of extinction in the wild. 'Vulnerable' means high risk of endangerment in the wild. And finally, 'near-threatened' refers to mean likely to become endangered in the near future.


Total number of bird species recorded: 157

Number of globally threatened species found: 6


Detailed Check-list:

ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-Duck

(Dendrocygna bicolor)

Lesser Whistling-Duck

(Dendrocygna javanica)

Graylag Goose

(Anser anser)

Bean Goose

(Anser fabalis)

         Least Concern

Ruddy Shelduck

(Tadorna ferruginea)

Cotton Pygmy-Goose

(Nettapus coromandelianus)

Gadwall

(Anas strepera)

Falcated Duck

(Anas falcata)

         Near-threatened

Eurasian Wigeon

(Anas penelope)

Mallard

(Anas platyrhynchos)

Indian Spot-billed Duck

(Anas poecilorhyncha)

Northern Shoveler

(Anas clypeata)

Northern Pintail

(Anas acuta)

Baikal Teal

(Anas formosa)

         Least Concern

Green-winged Teal

(Anas crecca)

Ferruginous Duck

(Aythya nyroca)

         Near-threatened

Tufted Duck

(Aythya fuligula)


GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Swamp Francolin

(Francolinus gularis)

         Vulnerable

Red Junglefowl

(Gallus gallus)


PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe

(Tachybaptus ruficollis)

Great Crested Grebe

(Podiceps cristatus)


CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Asian Openbill

(Anastomus oscitans)

Black-necked Stork

(Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)

         Near-threatened

Lesser Adjutant

(Leptoptilos javanicus)

         Vulnerable

Greater Adjutant

(Leptoptilos dubius)

         Endangered


SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Indian Cormorant

(Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)

Great Cormorant

(Phalacrocorax carbo)

Little Cormorant

(Phalacrocorax niger)


SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Oriental Darter

(Anhinga melanogaster)

         Near-threatened


PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Spot-billed Pelican

(Pelecanus philippensis)

         Near-threatened


PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Cinnamon Bittern

(Ixobrychus cinnamomeus)

Black Bittern

(Ixobrychus flavicollis)

Grey Heron

(Ardea cinerea)

Purple Heron

(Ardea purpurea)

Great Egret

(Ardea alba)

Intermediate Egret

(Mesophoyx intermedia)

Little Egret

(Egretta garzetta)

Cattle Egret

(Bubulcus ibis)

Indian Pond-Heron

(Ardeola grayii)

Striated Heron

(Butorides striata)

Black-crowned Night-Heron

(Nycticorax nycticorax)


PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Black-headed Ibis

(Threskiornis melanocephalus)

         Near-threatened


ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

Osprey

(Pandion haliaetus)


ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Oriental Honey-buzzard

(Pernis ptilorhynchus)

White-rumped Vulture

(Gyps bengalensis)

         Critically endangered

Crested Serpent-Eagle

(Spilornis cheela)

Eurasian Marsh-Harrier

(Circus aeruginosus)

Pied Harrier

(Circus melanoleucos)

Shikra

(Accipiter badius)

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

(Accipiter nisus)

Black Kite

(Milvus migrans)

Brahminy Kite

(Haliastur indus)

Pallas's Fish-Eagle

(Haliaeetus leucoryphus)

         Vulnerable

Gray-headed Fish-Eagle

(Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus)

         Near-threatened


GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Water Rail

(Rallus aquaticus)

Water Cock

(Gallicrex cinerea)

Purple Swamphen

(Porphyrio porphyrio)

Eurasian Moorhen

(Gallinula chloropus)

Eurasian Coot

(Fulica atra)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied Avocet

(Recurvirostra avosetta)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Northern Lapwing

(Vanellus vanellus)

River Lapwing

(Vanellus duvaucelii)

         Near-threatened

Gray-headed Lapwing

(Vanellus cinereus)

Red-wattled Lapwing

(Vanellus indicus)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Bronze-winged Jacana

(Metopidius indicus)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common Sandpiper

(Actitis hypoleucos)

Common Greenshank

(Tringa nebularia)

Nordmann's Greenshank

(Tringa guttifer)

         Endangered

Marsh Sandpiper

(Tringa stagnatilis)

Common Redshank

(Tringa totanus)


CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown-headed Gull

(Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus)

River Tern

(Sterna aurantia)

         Near-threatened


COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Eurasian Collared-Dove

(Streptopelia decaocto)

Red Collared-Dove

(Streptopelia tranquebarica)

Spotted Dove

(Streptopelia chinensis)

Laughing Dove

(Streptopelia senegalensis)

Emerald Dove

(Chalcophaps indica)

Yellow-footed Pigeon

(Treron phoenicopterus)


CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common Hawk-Cuckoo

(Hierococcyx varius)

Asian Koel

(Eudynamys scolopaceus)

Greater Coucal

(Centropus sinensis)


STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn Owl

(Tyto alba)


STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Eagle-Owl

(Bubo bubo)

Rock Eagle-Owl

(Bubo bengalensis)

Jungle Owlet

(Glaucidium radiatum)

Spotted Owlet

(Athene brama)


CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Indian Nightjar

(Caprimulgus asiaticus)


APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Asian Palm-Swift

(Cypsiurus balasiensis)


CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Blyth's Kingfisher

(Alcedo hercules)

         Near-threatened

Common Kingfisher

(Alcedo atthis)

Black-backed Dwarf-Kingfisher

(Ceyx erithaca)

Stork-billed Kingfisher

(Pelargopsis capensis)

White-throated Kingfisher

(Halcyon smyrnensis)

Crested Kingfisher

(Megaceryle lugubris)

Pied Kingfisher

(Ceryle rudis)


CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Green Bee-eater

(Merops orientalis)

Blue-tailed Bee-eater

(Merops philippinus)

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater

(Merops leschenaulti)


CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

Indian Roller

(Coracias benghalensis)


CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe

(Upupa epops)


PICIFORMES: Megalaimidae

Coppersmith Barbet

(Megalaima haemacephala)

Lineated Barbet

(Megalaima lineatus)

Brown-headed Barbet

(Psilopogon zeylanicus)

Blue-throated Barbet

(Megalaima asiatica)


PICIFORMES: Picidae

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker

(Dendrocopos mahrattensis)

Black-rumped Flameback

(Dinopium benghalense)


PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed Parakeet

(Psittacula krameri)


PASSERIFORMES: Vangidae

Common Woodshrike

(Tephrodornis pondicerianus)


PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Ashy Woodswallow

(Artamus fuscus)


PASSERIFORMES: Aegithinidae

Common Iora

(Aegithina tiphia)


PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Brown Shrike

(Lanius cristatus)

Long-tailed Shrike

(Lanius schach)

Grey-backed Shrike

(Lanius tephronotus)


PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Black-hooded Oriole

(Oriolus xanthornus)


PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Black Drongo

(Dicrurus macrocercus)

White-bellied Drongo

(Dicrurus caerulescens)

Crow-billed Drongo

(Dicrurus annectans)

Bronzed Drongo

(Dicrurus aeneus)

Hair-crested Drongo

(Dicrurus hottentottus)

Greater Racket-tailed Drongo

(Dicrurus paradiseus)


PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Rufous Treepie

(Dendrocitta vagabunda)

House Crow

(Corvus splendens)

Large-billed Crow

(Corvus macrorhynchos)


PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn Swallow

(Hirundo rustica)


PASSERIFORMES: Stenostiridae

Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher

(Culicicapa ceylonensis)


PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

Wallcreeper

(Tichodroma muraria)


PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented Bulbul

(Pycnonotus cafer)

Red-whiskered Bulbul

(Pycnonotus jocosus)


PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Grey-hooded Warbler

(Phylloscopus xanthoschistos)


PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Common Tailorbird

(Orthotomus sutorius)

Striated Prinia

(Prinia crinigera)


PASSERIFORMES: Paradoxornithidae

Yellow-eyed Babbler

(Chrysomma sinense)


PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Jungle Babbler

(Turdoides striata)


PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Oriental Magpie-Robin

(Copsychus saularis)

White-rumped Shama

(Copsychus malabaricus)

Red-breasted Flycatcher

(Ficedula parva)

Black Redstart

(Phoenicurus ochruros)

Siberian Stonechat

(Saxicola maurus)


PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common Hill Myna

(Gracula religiosa)

Great Myna

(Acridotheres grandis)

Pale-bellied Myna

(Acridotheres cinereus)

Jungle Myna

(Acridotheres fuscus)

Bank Myna

(Acridotheres ginginianus)

Common Myna

(Acridotheres tristis)

Asian Pied Starling

(Gracupica contra)

Chestnut-tailed Starling

(Sturnia malabarica)

Brahminy Starling

(Temenuchus pagodarum)


PASSERIFORMES: Chloropseidae

Blue-winged Leafbird

(Chloropsis cochinchinensis)

Golden-fronted Leafbird

(Chloropsis aurifrons)


PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Purple-rumped Sunbird

(Leptocoma zeylonica)

Purple Sunbird

(Cinnyris asiaticus)


PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Citrine Wagtail

(Motacilla citreola)

Grey Wagtail

(Motacilla cinerea)

White Wagtail

(Motacilla alba)

White-browed Wagtail

(Motacilla madaraspatensis)

Oriental Pipit

(Anthus rufulus)


PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House Sparrow

(Passer domesticus)


PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Baya Weaver

(Ploceus philippinus)


PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Scaly-breasted Munia

(Lonchura punctulata)

Tricolored Munia

(Lonchura malacca)

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Courtesy: Clements Check-list (6th edition, updated in 2014)

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